Stop Motion

To start off easy we thought we should go through a simple thing – what is Stop Motion?

Stop motion is a kind of animation technique that makes it feel like an object is moving on its own. How you make it move is by photographing the object. The object is moved in small increments between the different shots. When you take pictures like that and then put the series of shots in a continuous sequence it creates an illusion of movement. People who produce stop motion movies often use dolls or clay figures with movable parts. Why you do that is because it is easier to make them “move” in the movies. But not all stop motion needs figures or models, you can use humans, household appliances or other things to make it a bit more comic. When you use objects some people might call it object animation instead of stop motion.

Stop motion is not to be confused with the time lapse technique. When you use the time lapse technique you take photographs of a surrounding at regular intervals and later combined into a continuous movie. Time lapse is a technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured is much lower than that used to view the sequence. When played at normal speed, time appears to be moving faster and thus lapsing.

The first stop motion to made is actually from the year of 1989. So the technique is not that new but of course it has been updated and becomes better and better with each year of creative people using it. But back the first one. It was made of Albert E. Smith and J.Stuart Blackton. The movie is called The Humpty Dumpty Circus and in he movie you can see a toy circus and animals coming to life. The earliest clay animation was made in 1912 and was called Modelling Extraordinary.

There are also different kinds of stop motion, and we will tell you about two different ones. Stereoscopic stop motion and go motion.

Stereoscopic stop motion.
It is a sort of stereoscopic 3D and is not used very often but it has been used in a few films. The latest one that you might have heard of is the movie Coraline from 2009. it was the first all stop motion 3D feature. And anther new thing with stereoscopic stop motion is Nintendo 3DS video software which comes with a stop motion option.

Go Motion
Go motion is a more complicated variation of stop motion. It was developed by Phil Tippett and was used in the star wars film The Empire Strikes Back. Go motion involves programming a computer to move parts of a model during each frame of the film, but was also combined with hand manipulation of the model/figure. This was done to produce a more realistic effect.

We hope that you liked this and hopefully learned something. Please remember that you are welcome to contact us if you have any questions or anything!

Pingu is an example of stop motion!



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